Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that first appears as redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. In later stages of the disease, the redness becomes more persistent, blood vessels become visible and pimples often appear. In severe cases, thickening and swelling of the nose may occur. Other symptoms that patients may experience are burning, stinging, dry skin, plaques and skin thickening.
Rosacea affects 16 million people in the United States and 40 million people worldwide,
according to the National Rosacea Society. It is most prevalent in people aged 20-50 and is more common in women than men.
There are four subtypes of Rosacea:
- Erythematotelangiectatic: Persistent facial redness, visible blood vessels.
- Papulopostular: Facial redness accompanied by pimples and bumps.
- Phymatous: Thickening of facial skin and swelling of the nose.
- Ocular: Conditions such as dry eye, stinging, tearing, styes, bloodshot eyes A rosacea patient may experience symptoms of several subtypes at the same time.
Apart from physical symptoms, rosacea patients may suffer from low self-esteem, low self-confidence, frustration and embarrassment as a result of their appearance and swollen eyelids.
The cause of rosacea is not known, but there are plenty of factors that can trigger the disease, such as sun exposure, stress, hot/cold weather, wind, heavy exercise, alcohol, spicy foods and many others.