Tinea Pedis

Tinea pedis (commonly known as Athlete's Foot) is a chronic fungal infection of the feet, caused by fungi called dermatophytes.
The disease is very common, affecting 70% of 
population at some point in their life. It is most frequent in adults aged 31-60.  
As dermatophytes thrive in warm and moist environment, they are especially common around swimming pools, showers and in locker rooms. The three main dermatophytes that are responsible for most tinea pedis infections are trichophyton rubrum, trichophyton mentagrophytes and epidermophyton floccosum. 
 
Symptoms of tinea pedis include itching, scaling, redness, maceration, blisters and vesicles.
Tinea pedis is highly contagious and can be transmitted by direct contact with infected skin or by indirect contact, such as shared towels or socks with an infected person or walking barefoot in communal areas (showers, locker rooms). Once an area of the foot has been infected with tinea pedis, it can infect other areas. Excessive sweating and occlusive footwear may contribute to the chances of being infected with tinea pedis and exasperate the condition once infected.  
 
There are three types of tinea pedis: 
  • Interdigital: redness, itching, scaling, fissuring and maceration between the toes, usually between the 4th and the 5th. Often accompanied by malodor. It is the most common form of tinea pedis.   
  • Moccasin: itching, scaling and redness covering the bottom and sides of the foot. 
  • Vesiculobullous: itching, redness, scaling covering the bottom of the foot, 
 
accompanied by blisters and vesicles forming on the instep and adjacent plantar 
surfaces of the foot. 
 
It is possible for a patient to experience a combination of different types of tinea pedis simultaneously.